Monthly Archives: February 2009
The United Progressive Alliance(UPA) averted a major crisis during its 5 year rule when the Left, the main allies of UPA formerly withdrew support on July 7,2008,the day Prime Minister Manmohan Singh met American President George Bush in Japan.CPI(M) General Secretary Prakash Karat and his comrades met President Pratibha Patil The four left parties(CPI-M,CPI,forward Block,Revolutionary socialist Party)snapped their ties of four years and 47 day with the Indian National Congress led centre over nuclear deal. After that massive horse trading was going for the July22 vote of confidence in House of the people(Lok Sabha).After hard barganning the bitter foe of the Congress Smajwadi Party(SP) came closer to each other.Despite the Indian National Congress and the Samajwadi party combined strength,the Congress needed another 29 to cross the halfway mark of 272.The total strength of SP in the house of the people is 39(But some Member of Parliament of SP openly announced that they would vote against the motion).Desperate for survival,INC wooded everyone from large parties to smaller ones and independents with a plea to back the nuclear deal and the Government.
On 22 July, Congres-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) won the the vote of confidence(275-256) but
raised serious concern over the main opposition party the Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) MPs’ bribe allegations and in which manner they waved wads of currency notes in parliament.
After Rizwanur Rahaman,the mysterious death of a young cop who was the investigating officer of Rizwanur Rahaman’s death for brief period even puzzled the experienced sleuths.On February11,his beheaded body was discovered on a railway track.Though,Police said,the young railway police officer,Arindam manna committed suicide by jumping in front of a speeding train,but his family beleave that Arindam was murdered.On September 21,2007,a body of a young man found dead near railway track near Calcutta in the state of west Bengal after accusing his rich in-laws of threatening him, provoked a mob attack on police and cars in Park circus in Calcutta, a Muslim dominated area(Sept 22) .Hours earlier,Rizwanur Rehman’s family had filed a case with Karaya police Station demanding a probe into the role of his father-in-law,businessman Ashok Todi,in the mysterious death.Rizwanur, 30, was found dead between Dumdum and Bidhannagar Road railway station.The body covered with injury marks and head smashed a month after marring Tody’s daughter against her families wishes.
Similarincident happend in Kottayam district in Kerala where a former additional sub-inspector V.V.Augustine,75,who prepared the FIR in the sister Abhaya murder case found dead in his home on 25 Nov.2008.Police confirmed that he committed suicide by slashing his wrist.
It was alleged that Augustine, who had help to destroy evidence connected with the high profile case, had been suffering from mental depression and had been questioned by various teams including CBI which probed the case.
He was the assitant Sub-Inspector of Kottayam west police station at the time of Abhaya’s death and was the first to reach the St Pious Convent in Kottayam on the morning of March 27, 1992 when the young nun’s body was found in a well .He prepared the FIR and inquest report in the case.
Moninder Singh Pandher and Surender Koli were sentenced to death in the first of the Nithari serial killings in Nithari a village on the outskirts of Noida,a suburb of Delhi.
From 2005 to the end of 2006 at least 19 children-all from poor families went missing from this village.Repeated complaints by parents of missing children to the Police didn’t help a single missing child.After the intervention of High Court, the police found skeletal remains of children buried in a drain running behind affluent businessman Moninder Singh Pandher’s Noida house.Initial investigation revealed that pandher,along with his domestic help Surendra Koli,had sexually abused and killed the children.
Under the parliamentary democracy of India,the Prime Minister of India is the piller of the Union Government.In India,the office of the Prime Minister is based on constitutional law.The Prime Minister of India is not only the head of the real executive,he is also the leader of the majority party in parliament.The Prime Minister is appointed by the Prisident.The president has little choice in this matter because he has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the house of the People(Lok Sabha) as the Prime Minister of India.The prime Minister may also belong to the Council of States(Rajya Sabha).
The Prime Minister has the power to summon and preside over the meetings of the Cabinet.He co-ordinates and supervises the activities of the different departments.In a cabinet meeting,the decisions are taken by majority votes.But the Prime Minister may ask his cabinet colleagues to consider the decisions.
The prime Minister also plays an important role in foreign affairs.He plays a decisive role in the appointment of ambassadors,consuls and other diplomats.
The Prime Minister acts as the chief adviser of the President.The Prime Minister advised the President in the appointment of the ministers,the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court and other important officials of the Government of India.He may also advise the President to summon and dissolve the House of the people and to seek a fresh mandate.
The Prime Minister is the leader of the Parliament.In the House of the People, he makes policy statements on behalf of ministers.
Current state of the House of People(Lok sabha):majoritymark:272,total seat543
United Progressive Alliance(UPA) allies:
Indian National Congress(INC) 153
Rashtriya Janata Dal(RJD) 24
Dravida Munnetra Kazagham(DMK) 16
Nationalist Congress Party(NCP) 11
Pattali Makkal Katchi(PMK) 6
Lok Janashakti Party (LJSP) 4
Kerala Congress Party(KEC) 2
Jammu &Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party(J&KPDP)1
Sikkim Democratic Party(SDF) 1
Republican Party of India (A)-led by Ramadas Athawale 1
Muslim league Kerala state Committe(MLKSC) 1
National Loktantrik Party(NLP) 1
The opposition National Democratic Alliance(NDA) led by Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP):Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP) 130
Other parties included
Biju Janata Dal(BJD) 8
Janata Dal (United) 8
Shrimoni Akali Dal (SAD) 8
Bahujan Samaj party(BSP) 17
Telegu Desam Party(TDP) 5
Asom Gana parisad(AGP) 2
Kerala Congress 2
Parliamentary election in India is round the corner.All political parties whether left or right are gearing up for poll and set up statigies to attract voters.
Lets talk about the parliamentary system of India:
The Central Legislature of India is known as ‘Parliament consists of the President and two houses.The lower house is called the House of the People(Loksabha) and the upper house is called the Council of states (Rajya sabha)The President of India is an internal part of the Union parliament because he summons and progress the House of parliament.He has also the power to dissolve the House of the People.No Bill can became an Act of parliament without the consent of the President.The House of the People is the popular chamber of Indian parliament .It consists of the representatives of the nation.The Constitution provides that the House of the people consists of not more than 545 members of whom 530-directly elected from the 25 states on the basis of universal direct adult franchise and 13 from 7 Union territories and 2 members are nominated by the President to represent Anglo-Indian Community.
Every citizen of India who is not less than 18 years of age is entitled to vote in the elections of the House of the people.The tenure of the House of the people is five years .The House of the people elects a speaker and a Deputy speaker from among its members .The speaker and in his absence the Deputy speaker presides over the meetings of the House.